November 19, 2021
House advances the Build Back Better Act: What could it mean for you?
- On November 19, 2021, the Democratic-led House of Representatives passed the Build Back Better (BBB) Act, a broad $1.75 trillion bill focused on addressing climate change, education, poverty, health care, and other priorities.
- The House-passed BBB also includes tax increases and tax changes that are applicable to businesses, high income individuals, and individuals with higher-balance retirement-investment accounts.
- The BBB debate will now continue in the Senate, where the details of the legislation is likely to change
What this may mean for you
- Continue to make decisions to achieve your long-term financial goals and objectives and consult with your advisor to better understand how this legislation may affect your family, business, and overall financial picture.
What tax changes are “in” the bill today and what’s “out” (for now)?
With the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (aka the Bipartisan Infrastructure Framework) signed into law, the focus has turned to the President’s “Human Infrastructure” programs. After months of negotiations and debate, the Democratic-led House of Representatives advanced the Build Back Better (BBB) Act to the Senate.
The chart below is a snapshot that shows how the tax provisions have evolved since the House Ways and Means Committee initially considered Build Back Better Act in September. The spending and tax provisions of the BBB are both expected to continue to evolve in the Senate.
|Build Back Better Act: September 2021||Build Back Better Act – passed by the House in November 2021|
|Individual income tax rates||Increase highest individual income tax rate to 39.6%||Removed|
|Capital gains tax rate||Increase long-term capital gains tax rate to 25% effective September 13, 2021||Removed|
|Qualified business income deduction||Provide a maximum allowable qualified business income deduction for individuals, estates, and trusts||Removed|
|Net investment income tax (NIIT)||Apply the 3.8% NIIT to trade or business income for individual taxpayers with adjusted gross income (AGI) greater than $400,000||Remains in the Build Back Better Act|
|Excess business losses||Makes permanent the limitation on excess business losses from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017||Remains in the Build Back Better Act|
|Surcharge on high income earners||Apply a 3% surcharge on taxpayers with AGI greater than $5,000,000||Apply a 5% surcharge on modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) in excess of $10,000,000 and an additional 3% on MAGI of $25,000,000|
|State and local tax deduction||No change to the state and local tax deduction||For years starting after 2020, the limitation for the state and local tax deduction increased to $80,000 through 2030HAT|
|Lifetime federal tax exemption||Accelerate the sunset of the TCJA Provision for estate tax from 2026 to 2022||Removed|
|Grantor trusts||Changes to grantor trust rules that would have impacted estate planning changes||Removed|
|Contributions to Traditional and Roth IRAs||At certain income thresholds, no further contributions to a Roth or Traditional IRA if the total value of IRAs and defined contribution retirement accounts exceeds $10,000,000||Remains in the Build Back Better Act|
|Required minimum distributions from IRAs||At certain income thresholds with IRA balances greater than $10,000,000, a required minimum distribution of 50% of the amount above $10,000,000 and 100% of the amount greater than $20,000,000||Remains in the Build Back Better Act|
|Roth IRA Conversions||At certain income thresholds, starting in 2032, Roth conversions prohibited from traditional IRAs or certain employer sponsored plans.||Remains in the Build Back Better Act|
|Back Door Roth IRA conversions||Effective January 1, 2022, Roth conversions including after-tax contributions from traditional IRAs or employer sponsored plans prohibited||Remains in the Build Back Better Act|
|Qualified small business stock deduction||At certain income levels, elimination of the 75% and 100% capital gain deduction for qualified small business stock||Remains in the Build Back Better Act|
What are the next steps?
The House passage is just one step in the process, with this bill now moving to the Senate where the provisions are anticipated to evolve. Given the slim Democratic majority in the Senate, it is unclear what the changes will be, and when the Senate will take up the vote. Should the Senate pass the bill, reconciliation between the House and Senate versions will be required.
What actions should I consider taking?
In this fast-changing environment, with little time before year-end, be thoughtful as to what steps to take. Evaluate what traditional year-end tax planning activities may be appropriate for your situation:
- Consider capital loss harvesting, charitable contributions, and annual exclusion gifts
- If gifting strategies were recently started, consider whether they still achieve your goals and objectives. If so, continue the strategy. If you are not sure, take the additional time to have a thoughtful conversation with your advisors.
- Do not wait too long as these provisions could either return or will naturally occur (for example, the estate tax sunset will still change in 2026).
Consult with your advisor to better understand how this legislation may affect your family, business, and overall financial picture. As changes could happen quickly with final passage potentially occurring towards year-end, it is best to have dual-track plans of action depending upon the result.
Wells Fargo & Company and its affiliates do not provide legal or tax advice. In limited circumstances, tax advice may be provided by Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. Please consult your legal and/or tax advisors to determine how this information and any planned tax results may apply to your situation at the time your tax return is filed.
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